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A New Atlas?
Lat: 23.7°N, Long: 47.4°W, Diam: 40 km, Depth: 3.15 km,
viewed from overhead (north up).
as seen from Earth, with
in the right foreground (north is to the upper right).
Table of Contents
LPOD Photo Gallery
Lunar Orbiter Images
Close-ups of Aristarchus made by Lunar Orbiter 5: frames
. Research Danny Caes.
is one of Apollo 15's orbital Hasselblads of the
region. The colored streaks in the black sky are internal reflections. Part of CM
's window-margin is visible in the lower right corner. Research Danny Caes.
Hubble Space Telescope
false color images
view in LROC
Close-up of central peak from LROC's NAC M122523410
ARISTARCHUS.--The brightest object on the moon, forming with
(a companion ring-plain on the W.), and its remarkable surroundings, one of the most striking objects which the telescope has revealed on the visible surface, and one requiring much patient observation before its manifold details can be fully noted and duly appreciated. Its border rises 2,000 feet above the outer surface on the E., but towers to more than double this height above the glistening floor. No lunar object of its moderate dimensions (it is only about 29 miles in diameter) has such conspicuously terraced walls, or a greater number of spurs and buttresses; which are especially prominent on the S. A valley runs round the outer slope of the E. wall, very similar to that found in a similar position round
. There is also a distinct valley on the brilliant inner slope of the W. wall, below its crest. It originates at a bright little crater, and is traceable round the greater portion of the declivity. Under a moderately high sun, an oval area, nearly as large and fully as brilliant as the central mountain, is seen on this inner slope. It is bordered on either side by bands of a duskier hue, which probably represent shallow transverse valleys. From its dazzling brilliancy it is very difficult to observe the interior satisfactorily. In addition, however, to the central mountain, there is a crater on the N.E. side of the floor. On the S. side of Aristarchus is a large dusky ring some 10 miles in diameter, connected by ridges with the spurs from the wall, and on the S.W., close to the foot of the slope, is another smaller ring of a like kind.
Depth data from
Kurt Fisher database
Pike, 1976: 3.15 km
Westfall, 2000: 3.15 km
Viscardy, 1985: 3 km
Cherrington, 1969: 3.62 km
Central peak height
: <0.2 "A very low central mound"
Central peak composition
: GNTA1 & GNTA2 (
Tompkins & Pieters, 1999
ALPO list of bright ray craters
ALPO list of banded craters
West rim slope 31° (
Age of 174 m.y. according to Zanetti et al (2011)
Crater with the maximum number of transient lunar phenomena reports: 122, 3 times as many as number 2 (
) A.P.S. Crotts (2007).
Exterior impact melt deposits most extensive to N & SE, max of ~15 km beyond rim. Most extensive ejecta, rays and secondary craters to the SE, with max wall slumping on NNE side of crater, and topographically lowest rim crest to NNE & E (
Hawke and Head, 1977
are thermal anomaly craters, implying youthful ages -
Moore et al, 1980
is an interesting target to observe possible reflected light on its shadowed western inner slopes, this during the moon's Waning Crescent phase (one or two terrestrial days before the local sunset at
). Research Danny Caes. See also
High-Albedo inner slopes and reflected light
On the moon's globe,
is almost the exact antipode of
. Strange as it is,
has the most high-albedo inner slopes and floor of all the pronounced craters on the moon's surface, while Tsiolkovskiy has the most low-albedo floor of all (or so it seems). Research Danny Caes.
TSI = 35, CPI = 10, FI = 15; MI =65
Smith and Sanchez, 1973
More than 98% anorthosite in central peak, and 0.2 to 0.7 Maturity Index (mature)
Ohtake and others, 2009
Aristarchus of Samos
(310 BC - ca. 230 BC), a Greek astronomer and mathematician. He was the first person to present an argument for a heliocentric model of the solar system, placing the Sun, not the Earth, at the center of the known universe (hence he is sometimes known as the "Greek Copernicus"). He both identified the central fire with the Sun, as well as putting other planets in correct order from the Sun. His astronomical ideas were rejected in favor of the geocentric theories of Aristotle and Ptolemy until they were successfully revived and extensively developed by
nearly 2,000 years later.
has continued unchanged since its original assignment to this feature on
's map (
, p. 218).
Wilkins and Moore
, south-southeast of
to honor Thomas MacDonald. The
did not accept this proposal, but later added MacDonald to the honorees at
The elevated region around and to the the north of
is informally known as the
Striated Blocks in Aristarchus Crater
Up from the depths
The First Real Lunar Physical change
An Early Woman Observer of the Moon (Evelyn M. Whitehead)
A Scene in a New Light
A Fractured Plateau
Another Day, Another Success
Catching some ZZZ
effect on the western inner slopes of Aristarchus?)
50 Year Old Red Spots
(the Greenacre/Barr observation of red spots at and near Aristarchus)
: Very bright crater with dark bands on its walls.
Evans, R (2009).
Spectral Studies of Aristarchus using Clementine UVVIS NIR (415-2000nm).
No 12, 22-38.
Guest, JE (1973).
Stratigraphy of ejecta from the lunar crater Aristarchus
Geol. Soc. Am. Bull.
McEwen, AS & 5 others (1994).
Clementine observations of the Aristarchus region of the Moon
Wood, C.A. Feb. 2005. Color and History on the Aristarchus Plateau. S&T Feb. 2005:63.
Wood, C.A. Jan. 2004. The Aristarchus plateau. S&T Jan 2004 v107 p124.
M. Zanetti, H. Hiesinger, C. H. van der Bogert, D. Reiss, and B. L. Jolliff (2011)
ARISTARCHUS CRATER: MAPPING OF IMPACT MELT AND ABSOLUTE AGE DETERMINATION
, 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract # 2330.
APOLLO OVER THE MOON; A VIEW FROM ORBIT, Chapter 5: Craters (
), Figure 165.
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