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Lat: 5.04°N, Long: 120.43°E, Diam: 77.55 km, Depth: 4.15 km, Rükl:
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Apollo 16 image
; north to right.
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ASU Apollo Image Archive
The first four orbital Hasselblads in Apollo 11's Magazine 44-V, of which
is the last one of the four, show crater
without shadows (illuminated by high sun). The curious object between
and the image's lower left corner is one of the four exhaust nozzle clusters of LM
's Ascent Stage. Compare this high-sun photograph with page 130 (LAC 65) in the
Dec 25, 2007
Kaguya Image (high sun)
Topophotomap - King Central Peaks
Topophotomap - King North Flank
is one of the youngest large (77 km diameter) craters on the lunar farside. From Clementine
it appears that
is in a ray system, but it is not clear where the rays originate.
's very fresh terraces convincingly show how wall rock cascaded downslope, mostly as giant arcuate blocks, and as rubble piles near the crater floor. The lobster claw-shaped central peak may simply be a roughly circular peak whose southern edge was overlapped by a massive lobe of slumped wall rubble. To the north (top) a pre-existing crater is full of a smooth dark material. During the
it was sometimes thought that this smooth material (which is also on the bottom left part of the crater floor) was volcanic, but it is now regarded more likely to be rocks melted by the energy of impact. [Similar, but smaller ponds of impact melt are visible telescopically to the north of
.] Notice that the northern rim of
is not as well defined as most of the rest of the rim, and
show that the north rim is 2.5 to 3 km lower than most other parts of the rim.
was probably formed by an oblique impact, with the bolide coming from the south. This might account for the N-S alignment of the central peaks, the deposit of rubble from the south rim onto the central peaks, the low northern rim, and the pond of impact melt to the north.
Jul 11, 2007
, June 26, 2006)
Depth data from
Kurt Fisher database
Pike, 1976: 4.15 km
Central peak composition
: GNTA2 & AGN (
Tompkins & Pieters, 1999
Crater has best impact melt deposits on Moon.
Dark collar (impact melt like Tycho) most evident to N, width 0.8 crater diameter. [Kirata et al LPSC 30: 1350]
Exterior impact melt deposits most extensive to NE, max of ~30 km beyond rim. Most extensive ejecta, rays and secondary craters to the NNW, with max wall slumping on SSE side of crater, and topographically lowest rim crest to S & NE (
Hawke and Head, 1977
impact melt is a Tier 1 Constellation
Region of Interest
According to Wikipedia,
Lunar Orbiter 2
(3° North/ 119.1° East). The pinpoint location of Lunar Orbiter 2's impact craterlet was confirmed by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).
The crater is named for two people:
Arthur Scott King
(January 18, 1876 – April 17, 1957) was an American physicist and astrophysicist. He was offered a position at Mt. Wilson Observatory in 1907. He spent much of the remainder of his career studying the spectra of elements and molecules, with particular focus on rare earth elements. He also performed studies of meteors, including their spectra and directional paths.
Edward Skinner King
(1861-1931) was an American astronomer. In 1887 he joined the staff of the Harvard Observatory, where he supervised the photographic imaging and related work. He became a pioneer and authority on the process of photographic photometry. In 1912 he noticed that some types of films appeared to perform better during the winter months, which led to the use of the so-called "cold camera" where the temperature is lowered to around -40° C.
Three portions of the central peaks were assigned separate IAU-approved names on
(western complex) and
(southern complex). In addition a fresh crater on what appears to be landslide flowing into
was given the name
. Finally, one of the elevated areas on the eastern floor was given the name
, and one of several oddly-shaded peaks or crater-cones north of that was named
the only crater on the moon which received several official names for its odd-shaped system of central peaks?
, from 1° North/ 121° East to 10° North/ 119° East, should be a surface formation which was once called "
Apollo 17 Preliminary Science Report
Heather, D.J. & Dunkin, S.K (2003) use the name A1-Tusi for a discrete object other than King: 'The main pool in the pre-existing A1-Tusi crater has a minimum depth of 150 m'. Is this a typographic error for
or something else? I cannot tell from the abstract.
Aug 10, 2010
Fault Scarp With Impact Melt in King Crater
King Crater Ejecta Deposits
Anomalous Mounds on the King Crater Floor
Natural Bridge on the Moon!
King Crater's Unusual Melt Pond
King of the Farside
King of the Craters
Happy Birthday Martin
King for a Day
King's northern flank ("weird terrain"):
Guest and Greeley
Geologie auf dem Mond
, seite 124, abbildung 6.11. (NASA Apollo 16 panoramic frame 5000).
Heather, D.J. & Dunkin, S.K., 2003.
Geology and stratigraphy of King crater, lunar farside
, 163(2), 307-329.
Aug 10, 2010
Note: there's a lot to read about King and its environs in
Apollo Over the Moon
, Chapter 5: Craters (
); Figures 149, 150, 151. (
); Figures 152 to 163.
A certain King in the Sourcebook Project (William R. Corliss)
- On page 586 of the book
Mysterious Universe, a handbook of astronomical anomalies
(1979), a certain King is mentioned in the article
The Extra-Galactic Ferment
(Mosaic, 1978). Is this King one of the two mentioned above in the section
Mar 7, 2015
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