195 names of scientists

195 names of scientists


An addition to the page IAU Transactions XVIB -- TRANSACTIONS OF THE IAU: VOLUME XVIB - PROCEEDINGS OF THE 16TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY (Grenoble 1976)

This experimental page is an exploration and investigation of 195 biographies of scientists, of which the names are part of a bank for future use on the moon (a possible addition to the existing alphabetic list of official lunar nomenclature).

The goal is to detect and to add all the Wikipedia pages (biographies) of each scientist/explorer/inventor mentioned in the alphabetic list.
Research: Danny Caes


-- Nobel prize winners are starred.
(blue-colored names are connected to recently (officially) named lunar formations, the Wikipedia-biographies of these scientists are included in the corresponding Moon-Wiki pages)

A
1. AIKEN, Howard Hathaway Aiken, 1900-1973, American mathematician, pioneer in computing (not to be confused with Aitken)
2. ALBERT, Abraham Adrian Albert, 1905-1972, American mathematician
3. ALBERTUS MAGNUS, Saint Albertus Magnus, c.1200-1280, German natural scientist
4. *ALDER, Kurt Alder, 1902-1958, German chemist (Nobel, 1950)
5. ALDEROTTI, Taddeo Alderotti, 1223-c.1295, Italian physician
6. ALDINI, Giovanni Aldini, 1762-1834, Italian physicist
7. ANUCHIN, Dmitrii N. Anuchin, 1843-1923, Russian geographer, anthropologist
B
8. BACCELLI, Guido Baccelli, 1832-1916, Italian physician
9. BACHMANN, Augustus Quirinus Rivinus/ August Bachmann. 1652-1723, German botanist
10. BAER, Karl Ernst von Baer/ Karl Maksimovich Baer, 1792-1876, Estonian embryologist, biologist
11. BAILEY, Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr., 1858-1954, American botanist (not to be confused with Bailly, Baily, and Brayley)
12. BAIRD, Spencer Fullerton Baird, 1823-1887, American zoologist (not to be confused with John Logie Baird; the father of television).
13. BALBIANI, Edouard-Gerard Balbiani, 1823-1899, French biologist
14. BANKS, Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, 1743-1820, English botanist
15. BANTI, Guido Banti, 1852-1925, Italian pathologist (see: Banti's Syndrome)
16. *BÁRÁNY, Robert Barany, 1876-1936, Austrian physician (Nobel, 1914)
17. *BARKLA, Charles G. Barkla, 1877-1944, British physicist (Nobel, 1917)
18. BARTOLOTTI, Gian Giacomo Bartolotti, c.1470-d. after 1530, Italian physician (no Wikipedia page found)
19. BARTON, Benjamin Smith Barton, 1766-1815, American botanist, zoologist
20. BASSI, Agostino M. Bassi, aka de Lodi, 1773-1856, Italian natural scientist
21. BATES, Henry Walter Bates, 1825-1892, English natural scientist
22. BECCARI, Nello Beccari, 1883-1957, Italian anatomist (no Wikipedia page found)
23. BELLINI, Lorenzo Bellini, 1643-1704, Italian physiologist
24. BELON, Pierre Belon, 1517-1564, French zoologist, botanist
25. BENEDETTI, Alessandro Benedetti, c.1450-1512, Italian anatomist
26. BENEDICKS, Carl Axel Fredrik Benedicks, 1875-1958, Swedish metallographer (not to be confused with Benedict)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Benedicks


27. *BERGIUS, Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius, 1884-1949, German chemist (Nobel, 1931) (not to be confused with Byrgius)
28. BERKELEY, George Berkeley, aka Bishop Berkeley, 1685-1753, British scientific philosopher
29. BERNARD, Claude Bernard, 1813-1878, French physiologist (not to be confused with Barnard)
30. BEZOUT, Étienne Bezout, 1739-1783, French mathematician. Note: Bezout was one of the names on the Russian farside lunar maps of the Sternberg institute.
31. *BLACKETT, Patrick Maynard S. Blackett, 1897-1974, English physicist (Nobel, 1948)
32. BOAS, Franz Boas, 1858-1942, German-American anthropologist
33. BOHLER, Lorenz Bohler, 1885-1973, Austrian surgeon
34. BONNET, Charles Bonnet, 1720-1793, Swiss natural scientist, biologist
35. BORDET, Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet, 1870-1961, Belgian bacteriologist, physiologist
36. *BORN, Max Born, 1882-1970, German physicist (Nobel, 1954)
37. BOS, Willem Hendrik van den Bos, 1896-1974, Dutch astronomer
38. *BOSCH, Carl Bosch, 1874-1940, German chemist (Nobel, 1931)
39. *BOTHE, Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe, 1891-1957, German physicist (Nobel, 1954)
40. BOULE, Marcellin Boule, 1861-1942, French geologist/ palaeontologist
41. BOVERI, Theodor Heinrich Boveri, 1862-1915, German zoologist, biologist
42. BOWER, Frederick Orpen Bower, 1855-1948, English botanist
43. BRAHMAGUPTA, Brahmagupta, 598-d. after 665, Indian astronomer
44. BRANDT, Georg Brandt, 1694-1768, Swedish chemist, mineralogist
45. *BRAUN, Karl Ferdinand Braun, 1850-1918, German physicist (Nobel, 1909) (not to be confused with von Braun)
46. BROCA, Pierre Paul Broca, 1824-1880, French physician, anthropologist
47. BRODE, Wallace Reed Brode, 1900-1974, American chemist
48. BROOM, Robert Broom, 1866-1951, Scottish/ South African paleontologist
49. *BUCHNER, Eduard Buchner, 1860-1917, German chemist (Nobel, 1907) (not to be confused with BUCHER of Dorsum Bucher).
50. BUCKINGHAM, Edgar Buckingham, 1867-1940, American physicist
51. BUONANNI, Filippo Buonanni, or Bonanni, 1638-1725, Italian natural scientist
C
52. CAILLETET, Louis Paul Cailletet, 1832-1913, French physicist
53. CANDOLLE, Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle, 1778-1841, Swiss botanist
54. *CARREL, Alexis 1873-1944 French surgeon, physiologist (Nobel, 1912)
55. CASTILLON, Johann Castillon, aka Giovanni Francesco Mauro Melchiorre Salvemini di Castiglione, 1704-1791, Italian mathematician
56. *CHADWICK, James 1891-1974 British physicist (Nobel, 1935)
57. CHERRIE, George Kruck Cherrie, 1865-1948, American naturalist
58. CHEVREUL, Michel Eugène Chevreul, 1786-1889, French chemist
59. CLAPEYRON, Benoit-Pierre-Émile Clapeyron, 1799-1864, French physicist
60. COCKERELL, Theodore Dru Alison Cockerell, 1866-1948, English zoologist
61. *CORI, Gerty Theresa R. 1896-1957 Czechoslovakian/American biochemist (Nobel, 1947)
62. CORRENS, Carl Erich Correns, 1864-1933, German botanist
63. CUÉNOT, Lucien Cuénot, 1866-1951, French zoologist
D
64. *DALÉN, Nils Gustaf Dalén, 1869-1937, Swedish engineer, inventor of the AGA cooker (Nobel, 1912)
65. DE BARY, Heinrich Anton de Bary, 1831-1888, German botanist
66. DE L'HOPITAL, Guilliaume Francois Antoine, Marquis de l'Hopital, 1661-1704, French mathematician. Note: de l'Hopital was one of the names on the Russian farside lunar maps of the Sternberg institute.
67. *DIELS, Otto Paul Hermann Diels, 1876-1954, German chemist (Nobel, 1950)
68. DIETRICH, Koncordie Amalie Nelle Dietrich, 1821-1891, German botanist
69. *DOMAGK, Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk, 1895-1964, German chemist, pathologist (Nobel, 1939)
70. DULONG, Pierre Louis Dulong, 1785-1838, French physicist, chemist
E
71. EAST, Edward Murray East, 1879-1938, American biologist
72. EDDY, Nathan Browne Eddy, 1890-1973, American pharmacologist (no Wikipedia page found)
73. EKEBERG, Anders Gustaf Ekeberg, 1767-1813, Swedish chemist
74. EMICH, Friedrich Peter Emich, 1860-1940, Austrian chemist
75. ENGLER, Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, 1844-1930, German botanist
76. ERASISTRATUS Erasistratus, b.c. B.C. 304, Greek anatomist
77. *ERLANGER, Joseph 1874-1965 American physiologist (Nobel, 1944)
F
78. FAGON, Guy-Crescent Fagon, 1638-1718, French botanist
79. FARLOW, William Gilson Farlow, 1844-1919, American botanist
80. *FIBIGER, Johannes A.G. 1867-1928 Danish pathologist (Nobel,1926)
81. *FINSEN, Niels Ryberg 1860-1904 Danish physician (Nobel, 1903)
82. *FLOREY, Howard Walter 1898-1968 British pathologist (Nobel, 1945)
83. FLÜCKIGER, Otto Fluckiger, 1881-1942, Swiss geographer (no Wikipedia page found)
84. FLUDD, Robert Fludd, aka Robertus de Fluctibus, 1574-1637, English chemist, physician
85. FORBES, James David Forbes, 1809-1868, Scottish physicist
86. FUCHSEL, Georg Christian Fuchsel, 1722-1773, German stratigrapher (no Wikipedia page found)
G
87. GALTON, Sir Francis Galton, 1822-1911, English anthropologist
88. *GASSER, Herbert Spencer Gasser, 1888-1963, American physiologist (Nobel, 1944)
89. GEGENBAUR, Karl Gegenbaur, 1826-1903, German anatomist, zoologist
90. GIBBON, John Heysham Gibbon Jr., 1903-1973, American physician
91. GORE, John Ellard 1845-1910 Irish astronomer
92. GRASHCHENKOV, Nikolai I. Grashchenkov, 1901-1965, Soviet neurologist (no Wikipedia page found)
93. GRAY, Asa Gray, 1810-1888, American botanist
94. GREW, Nehemiah Grew, 1641-1712, English physician, botanist
95. *GRIGNARD, Victor 1871-1935 French chemist (Nobel, 1912)
96. GROOTEN, Christian c.Grooten, 1530-c.1603, German cartographer (no Wikipedia page found)
97. *GUILLAUME, Charles Édouard 1861-1938 Swiss physicist (Nobel, 1920)
H
98. *HABER, Fritz 1868-1934 German/Swiss chemist (Nobel, 1918)
99. HAECKEL, Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haekel, 1834-1919, German zoologist, biologist
100. HALES, Stephen Hales, 1677-1761, English physiologist, botanist
101. HARRISON, Ross Granville Harrison, 1870-1959, American biologist (perhaps it's also interesting to include John Harrison, 1693-1776, self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker)
102. *HAWORTH, Walter Norman 1883-1950 English chemist (Nobel, 1937)
103. *HENCH, Philip Showalter Hench, 1896-1965, American physician (Nobe1,1950)
104. *HEVESY, George 1885-1966 Hungarian chemist (Nobel, 1943)
105. *HEYROVSKY, Jaroslav 1890-1967 Czechoslovakian chemist (Nobel, 1959)
106. *HINSHELWOOD, Cyril 1897-1967 English chemist (Nobel, 1956)
107. HOFMEISTER, Whilhelm Friedrich Benedikt Hofmeister, 1824-1877, German botanist (not to be confused with Hoffmeister).
108. HOOKER, Joseph Dalton Hooker, 1817-1911, English botanist
109. *HOUSSAY, Bernardo Alberto 1887-1971 Argentinian physiologist (Nobel, 1947)
110. HUTCHINSON, John Hutchinson, 1884-1972, English botanist
I
111. IBN BAJJA 1106-1138 Spanish-Arab astronomer
112. IBN BUTLAN Ibn Butlan, c.1000-1068, Arabian physician
J
(none)
K
113. *KARRER, Paul 1889-1971 Russian-Swiss chemist (Nobel, 1937)
114. *KENDALL, Edward Calvin Kendall, 1886-1972, American biochemist (Nobel, 1950)
115. KERR, John Kerr, 1824-1907, Scottish physicist
116. *KOCHER, Emil Theodor 1841-1917 Swiss surgeon (Nobel, 1909)
117. KOHLRAUSCH, Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Kohlrausch, 1840-1910, German physicist, chemist. Note: Kohlrausch was one of the names on the Russian lunar farside maps of the Sternberg institute.
118. *KOSSEL, Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel, 1853-1927, German chemist (Nobel, 1910).
119. *KUHN, Richard 1900-1967 Austrian chemist (Nobel, 1938)
L
120. *LAVERAN, Charles Louis Alphonse 1845-1922 French physician (Nobel, 1907)
121. LEFSCHETZ, Solomon Lefschetz, 1884-1972, Russian-American mathematician
122. LEHRMAN, Daniel Sanford Lehrman, 1919-1972, American psychologist (no Wikipedia page found) (not to be confused with Lehmann)
123. *LENARD, Philip Edward Anton 1862-1947 German physicist (Nobel, 1905)
124. LEUCKART, Karl Georg Friedrich Rudolf Leuckart, 1822-1898, German zoologist
125. *LIPPMAN, Gabriel 1845-1921 French physicist (Nobel, 1908)
126. LISSAJOUS, Jules Antoine Lissajous, 1822-1880, French physicist
M
127. MACLEOD, John James Richard Macleod, 1876-1935, Scottish physiologist
128. MALPIGHI, Marcello Malpighi, 1628-1694, Italian biologist, physician
129. MALUS, Étienne-Louis Malus, 1775-1812, French physicist
130. MATHIAS, Émile-Ovide-Joseph Mathias, 1861-1942, French physicist (no Wikipedia page found)
131. MAXIM, Hiram Percy Maxim, 1869-1936, American inventor
132. *MEYERHOF, Otto Fritz Meyerhof, 1884-1951, German physician (Nobel, 1922)
133. MILLIONSHCHIKOV, Mikhail D. Millionshchikov, 1913-1973 Soviet applied physicist (no Wikipedia page found)
134. *MINOT, George Richards Minot, 1885-1950, American physician (Nobel,1934)
135. *MORGAN, Thomas Hunt Morgan, 1866-1945, American zoologist (Nobel,1933) (not to be confused with De Morgan)
136. MURPHY, Robert Cushman Murphy, 1887-1973, American zoologist
137. MUSSCHENBROEK, Petrus (Pieter) van Musschenbroek, 1692-1761, Dutch physicist
N
138. NÄGELI, Karl Wilhelm von Nageli, 1817-1891, Swiss botanist
139. NICHOLS, Ernest Fox Nichols, 1869-1924, American physicist
O
140. OSBORN, Henry Fairfield Osborn, 1857-1935, American paleontologist
P
141. PECORA, William Thomas Pecora, 1913-1972, American geologist
142. PELETIER, Jacques Pelletier (or Peletier) du Mans, 1517-1582, French mathematician
143. PEREGRINUS, Pierre Pelerin de Maricourt/ Peter Peregrinus of Maricourt, fl. c.1270, French engineer, inventor
144. PFEFFER, Wilhelm Friedrich Philipp Pfeffer, 1845-1920, German botanist, chemist
145. PLANTE, Gaston 1834-1889 French physicist
146. PLÜCKER, Julius Plucker, 1801-1868, German physicist, mathematician
147. *POWELL, Cecil Frank Powell, 1903-1969, English physicist (Nobel, 1950) (not to be confused with Powell at the Taurus-Littrow landing site of Apollo 17)
148. *PREGL, Fritz Pregl, 1869-1930, Austrian chemist (Nobel, 1923)
Q
(none)
R
149. RABINOWITCH, Eugene Rabinowitch, 1901-1973, American biophysicist
150. *RICHARDSON, Owen Williams 1879-1959 English physicist (Nobel, 1928)
151. *RICHET, Charles Robert Richet, 1850-1935, French physiologist (Nobel, 1939)
152. ROTCH, Abbott Lawrence Rotch, 1861-1912, American meteorologist
153. *ROUS, Francis Peyton Rous, 1879-1970, American physician (Nobel,1966)
154. ROUX, Wilhelm Roux, 1850-1924, German zoologist
155. RUHMKORFF, Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff, 1803-1877, German-French inventor
S
156. *SABATIER, Paul 1854-1941 French chemist (Nobel, 1912)
157. SAUVEUR, Joseph Sauveur, 1653-1716, French physicist, mathematician
158. SCHIMPER, Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper, 1856-1901, Swiss botanist
159. SCHWANN, Theodor Schwann, 1810-1882, German anatomist (not to be confused with Swann)
160. SEEBECK, Thomas Johann Seebeck, 1770-1831, German physicist
161. SIEMIENOWICZ, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, fl. c.1650, Polish artillery expert, pioneer of rocketry
162. SIKORSKY, Igor Ivanovich 1889-1972 Russian-American aeronautical engineer
163. *SPEMANN, Hans Spemann, 1869-1941, German biologist, zoologist (Nobel, 1935)
164. *STANLEY, Wendell Meredith Stanley, 1904-1971, American biochemist (Nobel, 1946)
165. *STAUDINGER, Hermann Staudinger, 1881-1965, German chemist (Nobel, 1953)
166. STEARNS, Carl Leo 1892-1972 American astronomer
167. *STERN, Otto Stern, 1888-1969, German physicist (Nobel, 1943)
168. STRASBURGER, Eduard Adolf Strasburger, 1844-1912, German botanist
169. *SVEDBERG, Theodor 1884-1971 Swedish chemist (Nobel, 1926)
T
170. *TAMM, Igor 1895-1971 Soviet physicist (Nobel, 1958)
171. *THEILER, Max 1889-1972 South African bacteriologist (Nobel, 1951)
172. *TISELIUS, Arne 1902-1971 Swedish biochemist (Nobel,1948)
173. TORREY, John Torrey, 1796-1873, American botanist, chemist
174. TSVET, Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet, 1872-1919, Russian botanist
U
175. ULRICH, Edward 0scar Ulrich, 1857-1944, American paleontologist
V
176. VAN BENEDEN, Edouard Joseph Marie Van Beneden, 1846-1910, Belgian cytologist
177. VINOGRADSKI, Sergei Nikolaievich Vinogradski, 1856-1953, Russian/French microbiologist
178. VIRCHOW, Rudolph L.K. 1821-1902 German pathologist
179. *VIRTANEN, Artturi I. 1895-1973 Finnish biochemist (Nobe1,1945)
180. *VON BAEYER, Adolf 1835-1917 German chemist (Nobel, 1905)
181. *VON BEHRING, Emil A. 1854-1917 German bacteriologist (Nobel, 1901)
182. *VON BÉKÉSY, Georg 1899-1972 Hungarian physicist (Nobel, 1961)
183. VON GOEBEL, Karl Immanuel Eberhard von Goebel, 1855-1932, German botanist
184. VON HALLER, Albrecht von Haller, 1708-1777, Swiss physician
185. VON SACHS, Julius von Sachs, 1832-1897, German botanist
W
186. *WAGNER-JAUREGG, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, 1857-1940, Austrian physician (Nobel,1927)
187. *WALLACH, Otto 1847-1931 German chemist (Nobel, 1910)
188. *WARBURG, Otto Heinrich Warburg, 1883-1970, German biochemist (Nobel, 1931)
189. WEISMANN, Friedrich Leopold August Weismann, 1834-1914, German biologist
190. *WIELAND, Heinrich Otto Wieland, 1877-1957, German chemist (Nobel, 1927)
191. *WIEN, Wilhelm Carl Werner Otto Fritz Franz Wien, 1864-1928, German physicist (Nobel, 1911). Note: Wien was one of the names on the Russian lunar farside maps of the Sternberg institute. Wien is also the official name of one of the craters on planet Mars.
192. *WILLSTÄTTER, Richard Martin Willstatter, 1872-1942, German chemist (Nobel, 1915)
193. WINCHELL, Newton Horace Winchell, 1839-1914, American geologist
194. *WINDAUS, Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, 1876-1959, German chemist (Nobel, 1928)
X
(none)
Y
(none)
Z
195. ZWICKY, Fritz 1898-1974 Swiss astrophysicist

-- We recommend approval of the following list of 20 names of scientists as a bank of names for future use on the moon, and the second biography of one name to be added to the records of a name already approved and assigned.

BIALOBRZESKI, Czeslaw Bialobrzeski, 1878-1953, Polish physicist
BRAZIL, Vital Brazil Mineiro da Campanha, 1865-1950, Brazilian biologist
BRONK (D.W.) 1897-1975 American physiologist
DE MORAES (A.) 1916-1970 Brazilian astronomer
HARKHEBI circa 300 B.C. Egyptian astronomer
HOPMANN (J.) 1890-1975 Austrian astronomer
KAMIENSKI, Michal Kamienski, 1879-1973, Polish astronomer
KEPINSKI (F.) 1885-1966 Polish astronomer
KOWALCZYK (J.) 1833-1911 Polish astronomer (no Wikipedia page found)
LINDSAY (E.M.) 1907-1974 Irish astronomer
OLIVIER (C.P.) 1884-1975 American astronomer
PIENKOWSKI, Stefan Pienkowski, 1883-1953, Polish physicist
PIKEL'NER (S.B.) -1975 Russian astronomer
POCZOBUTT (O.M.) 1728-1808 Polish astronomer
PRAZMOWSKI, Adam Jozef Ignacy Prazmowski, 1821-1885, Polish astronomer
PRISCILLA BOK (F.) 1896-1975 American astronomer (officially known as BOK).
VERTREGT (M.) 1897-1973 Dutch chemist & space scientist
VINOGRADOV (A.P.) 1895-1975 Russian geo-chemist & cosmo-chemist
WILDT (R.) 1905-1976 American astronomer of German birth
ZONN, Wlodzimierz Zonn, 1905-1975, Polish astronomer

See also Danny Caes's alphabetic list of names which he would like to see as an official appendix to the I.A.U.'s gazetteer of named lunar formations.