TRANSACTIONS OF THE IAU : VOLUME XVB
(the following is excerpted from the book published by D. Reidel in 1974)
Note: see Ashbrook, 1974 for a pre-publication news story about changes adopted at this meeting, some of which do not appear in the final text.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTEENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY (SYDNEY 1973)



G. CONTOPOULOS General Secretary of the Union
Edited by A. JAPPEL Executive Secretary

(from pp. 110-112:)

WORKING GROUP: LUNAR NOMENCLATURE


Chairman: D. H. Menzel, Members: B. Levin, H. Masursky. Prof. Levin was unable to attend.

The Working Group held two open sessions on 22 August afternoon and 25 August morning. The attendance was around 15-20 members.

The WG had been entrusted with the responsibility of defining the system of nomenclature for the craters and topographic features at smaller scale than the telescopic resolving power and to apply it on the new detailed lunar cartographic program. In order to meet this assignment, the WG had particularly intensive activity during the past three years, to arrive at a proposal reaching a general consensus. After several meetings in 1971 to explore the field, it held formal sessions on 17-18 May 1972 in Madrid, on 27 November 1972 in Paris, on 9-10 March 1972 in Houston, on 21-23 May 1973 in Constance, plus working sessions at the IUCM General Assemblies of 15 November 1971 and 28 November 1972.

The Chairman, D. H. Menzel, summarized the work done, presented the scheme proposed for the designation of small lunar features and opened the proposal to discussion. A 2-hours discussion followed in which at least 10 participants expressed comments, remarks, first on the general scheme, then on more precise points. The Chairman ended the session by proposing that although the general spirit of the first draft remained unchanged, he would prepare for the second session of the WG an improved version of the draft, accounting for the new balance of consensus on details resulting from the advices of the participants.

At the second session, the new draft of the resolution was presented to the audience. Again, about 10 members participated actively in the improvement of certain aspects, although clearly the consensus on the general principles was already reached at the beginning of the discussion. A final proposal was then agreed upon to be presented for adoption at the General Assembly of the Commission, and adopted with unanimity of the voting members, as follows:

Resolution on Lunar Nomenclature

"Commission 17 recommends for adoption the following resolutions concerning lunar nomenclature.

(1) The abundant data secured by space vehicles have made possible new programs of lunar mapping, which require a more precise and detailed system of nomenclature than the current system originated by Mädler. The revised system employs a geometrical grid of Regions and Provinces.

(2) In the new system, parallels of latitude and meridian arcs divide the lunar surface into 144 Regions, as in the NASA Lunar Aeronautical Charts (LAC), on the scale 1:1000000, Figure 1. (For details see Robert Carder, The Moon, IAU Symposium 14, p. 17). Each region is subdivided into sixteen Provinces, as in the NASA Lunar Topograhic Orthophotomaps (LTO), on the scale 1:250000. Each Province carries a code designation, consisting of its LAC Region number, followed by a letter A, B, C, or D and a number 1, 2, 3, or 4. For example, Figure 2 illustrates the coding for Province 39 A 1.

IAU_XVB_Fig_1.jpg IAU_XVB_Fig_2.jpg

(3) Consistent with standard cartographic practice, each Region and each Province will also bear the name of some prominent feature (preferably a crater) within it. Names of Provinces will not duplicate those of Regions.

(4) A grid system may be used for further identification of features within a given Province. Abscissae are indicated by one of the capital letters A-Z (I and 0 are omitted), from west to east. Ordinates are indicated by one of the lower-case letters a-z (i and o omitted), from south to north. This letter system is primarily for identification and reference and will not generally be used on the maps.

(5) The Greek letters previously indicating lunar elevations will be dropped. Craters previously designated by Roman capital letters will progressively be assigned new and distinctive names. To facilitate cross correlation between the current and the new system, the old names should be listed on the larger-scale maps. At an appropriate time a complete cross-reference table will be prepared.

(6) Elevated regions will generally require new designations. Ridges, previously unnamed, will be called Dorsum, plural Dorsa. Rimae and Rima systems will receive new and more appropriate designations. Crater chains will be designated Catena, such as Catena Davy.

(7) Whereas previously assigned lunar names have been, with few exceptions, those of distinguished deceased scientists, future assignments may also contain the names of distinguished, deceased contributors to human culture and knowledge, such as writers, painters, musicians, etc., chosen on an international basis. Exclused, however, are political, military, and religious figures, as well as modern philosophers.

(8) Very small features requiring identification for some special reason may be assigned, with IAU approval, first names, male or female, from an international list. Excluded, however, are names having more than three syllables.

(9) For operational purposes, such as designating areas specially explored or sampled, Apollo missions have assigned names to certain features in the vicinity of the respective landing sites. The list* was corrected and revised by the Working Group in consultation with the astronauts and Principal Investigators of the Apollo missions. The IAU requests that future lists of this type be submitted to the IAU in advance of the mission.

(10) The complete corrected list of the adopted names is published in Appendix 1. The list contains the name of M. Minnaert, who died shortly after the 1970 General Assembly. It contains also the name of Abbot (C. G.), who is still living.** It was assigned to honor Abbot's 100th birthday."

---

(* Copies are available at the office of Dr H. Menzel.)
(** C. G. Abbot died after the XVth General Assembly.)

(appendices from pp. 207-217 follow)

LUNAR AND MARTIAN NOMENCLATURE


A large number of names of craters and other features on the Moon and Mars, were accepted by the IAU General Assemblies X (Moscow, 1958), XI (Berkeley, 1961), XII (Hamburg, 1964), XIV (Brighton, 1970), and XV (Sydney, 1973).

The names were suggested by the appropriate IAU Commissions (16 and 17). In particular the Lunar names accepted at the XIVth and XVth General Assemblies were recommended by the `Working Group on Lunar Nomenclature' under the Chairmanship of Dr D. H. Menzel. The Martian names were suggested by the `Working Group on Martian Nomenclature' under the Chairmanship of Dr G. de Vaucouleurs. At the XVth General Assembly a new `Working Group on Planetary System Nomenclature' was formed (Chairman: Dr P. M. Millman) comprising various Task Groups, one for each particular subject. For further references see: IAU Trans. X, 259-263, 1960; XIB, 236-238, 1962; XIIB, 203-204, 1966; XIIIB, 99-105, 1968; XIVB, 63, 129, 139, 1971; Space Sci. Rev. 12, 136-186, 1971.

Because at the recent General Assemblies some small changes, or corrections, were made, the complete list of Lunar and Martian Topographic Features is published here.

(note: the following list is complete only with respect to changes made since 1958. Names in the earlier nomenclature do not seem to be included unless the feature location was changed. - JimMosher JimMosher)

Table 1: Lunar Craters


Abbe
58S, 174E
Abbot
6N, 55E
Abel
34S, 85E
Abul Wáfa
2N, 117E
Adams
32S, 69E
Aitken
17S, 173E
Al-Biruni
18N, 93E
Alden
24S, 111E
Aldrin
1.4N, 22.1E
Alekhin
68S, 131W
Alter
19N, 108W
Amici
l0S, 172W
Amundsen
85S, 85E
Anders
42S, 144W
Anderson
16N, 171E
Antoniadi
69S, 173W
Appleton
37N, 158E
Armstrong
1.5N, 25E
Arrhenius
55S, 91W
Artamonov
26N, 104E
Artem'ev
10N, 145W
Aston
33N, 88W
Avicenna
39N, 97W
Avogadro
64N, 165E
Baade
44S, 82W
Babakin
21S, 123E
Babcock
4N, 94E
Backlund
165, 103E


Balboa
19N, 83W
Baldet
54S, 151 W
Balmer
20S, 70E
Banachiewicz
5N, 80E
Banting
26N, 16E
Barbier
24S, 158E
Barnard
30S, 86E
Barringer
29S, 151 W
Bartels
24N, 90W
Becquerel
41N, 129E
Becvár
2S, 125E
Beijerinck
13S, 152E
Bel'kovich
61N, 90E
Bell
22N, 96W
Bellingsgauzen
61S, 164W
Belopol'skij
18S, 128W
Belyaev
23N, 143E
Bergstrand
19S, 176E
Berkner
25N, l05W
Berlage
64S, 164W
Bhabha
56S, 165W
Birkeland
30S, 174E
Birkhoff
59N, 148W
Bjerknes
38S, 113E
Blazhko
31N, 148W
Bobone
26N, 132W
Bohr
13N, 86W
Boltzmann
75S, 90W

from p. 208

Bolyai
34S, 125E
Boole
64N, 87W
Borman
39S, 149W
Bose
54S, 170W
Boss
46N, 88E
Bowen
18N, 9E
Boyle
54S, 178E
Brackett
18N, 24E
Bragg
42N, 103W
Brashear
74S, 172W
Bredikhin
17N, 158W
Brianchon
75N, 87W
Bridgman
44N, 137E
Brouwer
36S, 125W
Brunner
10S, 91E
Buffon
41S, 134W
Buisson
1S, 113E
Bunsen
42N, 86W
Butlerov
12N, 110W
Buys-Ballot
21N, 175E
Byrd
85N, l0E
Cabannes
61S, 171W
Cajal
13N, 31E
Cajori
48S, 168E
Cameron
6N, 46E
Campbell
45N, 152E
Cannizzaro
55N, 100W
Cannon
20N, 81E
Cantor
38N, 118E
Carmichael
20N, 40E
Carnot
52N, 144W
Carver
435, 127E
Cassegrain
52S, 113E
Catalan
46S, 87W
Chaffee
39S, 155W
Chamberlin
59S, 96E
Champollion
37N, 175E
Chandler
44N, 171 E
Chang Heng
19N, 112E
Chant
41S, 110W
Chaplygin
6S, 150E
Chapman
50N, 101 W
Chappell
55N, 179W
Charlier
36N, 132W
Chaucer
3N, 140W
Chauvenet
12S, 137E
Chebyshev
34S, 133W
Chernyshev
47N, 174E
Chretien
47S, 163E
Clark
38S, 119E
Clerke
22N, 29E
Coblentz
38S, 126E
Cockcroft
30N, 164W
Collins
1.3N, 23.7E
Compton
56N, l05E
Comrie
23N, 113W
Comstock
21N, 122W
Congreve
0, 168W


Cooper
53N, 176E
Coriolis
0, 172E
Coulomb
54N, 115W
Cremona
67N, 90W
Crocco
47S, 150E
Crommelin
68S, 148W
Crookes
11S, 165W
Curie
23S, 92E
Curtis
16N, 56E
Cyrano
20S, 157E
Daedalus
6S, 180
D'Alembert
52N, 164E
Dalton
17N, 84W
Daly
5N, 57E
Danjon
11S, 123E
Dante
25N, 180
Das
27S, 138W
Daubrée
16N, 15E
Da Vinci
10N, 44E
Davisson
38S, 175W
Dawson
67S, 134W
Debye
50N, 177W
De Forest
77S, 162W
Dellinger
7S, 140E
Delporte
16S, 121E
Denning
16S, 143E
De Roy
55S, 99W
Desargues
70N, 74W
De Sitter
80N, 38E
Deutsch
24N, 110E
De Vries
20S, 177W
Dewar
3S, 166E
Dirichlet
10N, 151W
Dobrovol'skij
13S, 129E
Donner
31S, 98E
Doppler
13S, 160W
Douglass
35N, 122W
Dreyer
10N, 97E
Drude
39S, 91W
Dryden
33S, 157W
Drygalski
80S, 80W
Dubyago
5N, 70E
Dufay
5N, 170E
Dugan
65N, 103E
Duner
45N, 179E
Dyson
61N, 121W
Dziewulski
21N, 99E
Eckert
18N, 58E
Eddington
22N, 72W
Edison
25N, 99E
Ehngelgardt
5N, 159W
Ehrlich
41N, 172W
Einstein
17N, 88W
Eijkman
63S, 142W
Einthoven
5S, 110E
Ellerman
26S, 121W
Ellison
55N, 108W
Elvey
9N, 101 W

from p. 209


Emden
63N, 176W
Eötvös
36S, 134E
Erro
6N, 98E
Esnault-Pelterie
47N, 142W
Espin
28N, 109E
Evans
10S, 134W
Evdokimov
35N, 153W
Evershed
36N, 160W
Fabry
43N, 100E
Fechner
59S, 125E
Fen'yi
45S, 105W
Feoktistov
31 N, 140E
Fermi
20S, 122E
Fersman
18N, 126W
Fesenkov
23S, 135E
Firsov
4N, 112E
Fitzgerald
27N, 172W
Fizeau
58S, 133W
Fleming
15N, 109E
Focas
34S, 94W
Foster
23N, 142W
Fowler
43N, 145W
Fox
0, 98E
Franck
23N, 36E
Freud
26N, 52W
Freundlich
25N, 171E
Fridman
13S, 127W
Froelich
80N, 110W
Frost
37N, 119W
Gadomski
36N, 147W
Gagarin
20S, 149E
Galen
22N, 5E
Galois
15S, 153W
Gamow
65N, 144E
Ganskij
10S, 97E
Ganswindt
80S, 110E
Garavito
48S, 157E
Gavrilov
17N, 131 E
Geiger
14S, 158E
Gerasimovich
23S, 124W
Gernsback
36S, 99E
Gibbs
18S, 84E
Gilbert
3S, 76E
Gill
64S, 75E
Ginzel
14N, 97E
Giordano Bruno
36N, 103E
Glazenap
2S, 138E
Goddard
15N, 89E
Golitsyn
25S, 105W
Golovin
40N, 161E
Grachev
3S, 108W
Graff
43S, 88W
Green
4N, 133E
Gregory
2N, 127E
Grigg
13N, 130W
Grissom
48S, 149W
Grotrian
665, 128E
Gullstrand
45N, 129W

Gum
40S, 89E
Guthnick
48S, 94W
Guyot
11N, 117E
Hadley
25N, 3E
Hagen
48S, 135E
Haldane
2S, 84E
Hale
74S, 90E
Hamilton
43S, 84E
Harriot
33N, 114E
Hartmann
3N, 135E
Hartwig
6S, 80W
Harvey
19N, 147W
Hatanaka
29N, 122W
Hayford
13N, 176W
Hayn
65N, 83E
Healy
32N, 111 W
Heaviside
11S, 167E
Hedin
3N, 77W
Helberg
22N, 102W
Henderson
SN, 152E
Hendrix
48S, 161W
Henyey
13N, 152W
Hermite
86N, 88W
Hertz
13N, 104E
Hertzsprung
0, 129W
Hess
54S, 174E
Heymans
75N, 144W
Hilbert
18S, 108E
Hill
21N, 41E
Hippocrates
71N, 146W
Hirayama
6S, 93E
Hoffmeister
15N, 137E
Hogg
34N, 122E
Hohmann
18S, 94W
Holetschek
28S, 151 E
Hornsby
24N, 12E
Houtermans
9S, 87E
Houzeau
18S, 124W
Hubble
22N, 87E
Humason
31N, 57W
Hutton
37N, 169E
Huxley
20N, 5W
Ibn Yunus
14N, 91E
Icarus
6S, 173W
Idel'son
82S, 114E
Ingalls
26N, 153W
Innes
28N, 119E
Ioffe
15S, 129W
Izsak
23S, 117E
Jackson
22N, 163W
Jansky
9N, 89E
Jeans
56S, 91 E
Jenner
425, 96E
Joliot
26N, 94E
Joule
27N, 144W
Joy
25N, 7E
Jules Verne
35S, 147E
Kamerlingh Onnes
15N, 116W

from p. 210


Kapteyn
11S, 71E
Karpinskij
73N, 166E
Katchalsky
6N, 116E
Kearons
12S, 113W
Keeler
10S, 162E
Kekulé
16N, 138W
Khvol'son
14S, 112E
Kibal'chich
2N, 147W
Kidinnu
36N, 123E
Kiess
6S, 84E
Kimura
57S, 118E
King
5N, 120E
Kirkwood
69N, 157W
Klejmenov
33S, 141W
Klute
37N, 142W
Knox-Shaw
5N, 80E
Koch
43S, 150E
Kohlschutter
15N, 154E
Kolhörster
10N, 114W
Komarov
25N, 153E
Kondratyuk
15S, 115E
Konstantinov
20N, 159E
Kopff
17S, 90W
Korolev
5S, 157W
Kostinskij
14N, 118E
Kovalevskaya
31N, 129W
Koval'skij
22S, 101 E
Kramers
53N, 128W
Krasnov
30S, 80W
Krasovskij
4N, 176W
Kreiken
9S, 84E
Krylov
35N, 167W
Kugler
53S, 104E
Kulik
42N, 155W
Kuo Shou Shing
8N, 134W
Kurchatov
38N, 142E
Lacchini
41 N, 107W
Lamarck
23S, 70W
Lamb
43S, 101E
Lame
14S, 64E
Lampland
31S, 131E
Landau
42N, 119W
Lane
9S, 132E
Langemak
10S, 119G
Langevin
44N, 162E
Langley
52N, 87W
Langmuir
36S, 129W
Larmor
32N, 180
Laue
28N, 97W
Lauritsen
275, 96E
Lawrence
8N, 43E
Leavitt
46S, 140W
Lebedev
48S, 108E
Lebedinskij
8N, 165W
Leeuwenhoek
30S, 179W
Leibnitz
38S, 178E
Lemaitre
62S, 150W
Lents
3N, 102W


Leonov
19N, 148E
Leucippus
29N, 116W
Leuschner
1N, 109W
Levi-Civita
24S, 143E
Lewis
19S, 114W
Ley
43N, 154E
Lindblad
70N, 99W
Litke
17S, 123E
Lobachevskij
9N, 113E
Lodygin
18S, 147W
Lomonosov
27N, 98E
Lorentz
34N, 100W
Love
6S, 129E
Lovelace
82N, 107W
Lovell
37S, 143W
Lowell
13S, 103W
Lucian
15N, 37E
Lucretius
9S, 121W
Ludwig
7S, 97E
Lundmark
39S, 152E
Lyapunov
27N, 89E
Lyman
65S, 162E
Lyot
51 N, 84E
Mach
18N, 149W
Maksutov
415, 169W
Malyj
22N, l05E
Mandel'shtam
6N, 162E
Marci
22N, 169W
Marconi
9S, 145E
Mariotte
295, 140W
Markov
53N, 63W
Maunder
14S, 94W
Maxwell
30N, 98E
McKellar
16S, 171 W
McLaughlin
47N, 93W
McMath
15N, 167W
McNally
22N, 127W
Mechnikov
11S, 149W
Mees
14N, 96W
Meggers
24N, 123E
Meitner
115, 113E
Mendel
49S, 110W
Mendeleev
6N, 141 E
Merrill
75N, 116W
Meshcherskij
12N, 125E
Mezentsev
72N, 129W
Michelson
6N, 121W
Milankovic
77N, 170E
Millikan
47N, 121E
Mills
9N, 156E
Milne
31S, 113E
Mineur
25N, 162W
Minkowski
56S, 145W
Minnaert
67S, 179E
Mitra
18N, 155W
Möbius
16N, 101E
Mohorovicic
19S, 165W
Moiseev
9N, 103E

from p. 211


Montgolfier
47N, 160W
Moore
37N, 178W
Morozov
5N, 127E
Morse
22N, 175W
Moseley
21N, 90W
Moulton
61S, 97E
Nagaoka
20N, 154E
Nansen
81 N, 93E
Nassau
25S, 177E
Nernst
36N, 94W
Neujmin
27S, 125E
Nicholson
26S, 85W
Nielsen
32N, 52W
Niepce
72N, 120W
Nijland
33N, 134E
Nikolaev
35N, 151E
Nishina
45S, 171W
Nobel
15N, 101 W
Nother
66N, 114W
Numerov
71S, 161W
Nunn
4N, 91E
Nusl
32N, 167E
Obruchev
39S, 162E
O'Day
31S, 157E
Ohm
18N, 114W
Olcott
20N, 117E
Omar Khayyam
58N, 102W
Oppenheimer
35S, 166W
Oresme
435, 169E
Orlov
26S, 175W
Ostwald
11 N, 122E
Paneth
63N, 95W
Pannekoek
4S, 140E
Papaleksi
10N, 164E
Paracelsus
23S, 163E
Paraskevopoulos
50N, 150W
Parenago
26N, 109W
Parkhurst
34S, 103E
Parsons
37N, 171W
Pascal
74N, 70W
Paschen
14S, 141 W
Pasteur
12S, 105E
Patsaev
17S, 133E
Pauli
45S, 136E
Pavlov
29S, 142E
Pawsey
44N, 145E
Peary
89N, 30E
Pease
13N, 106W
Peek
3N, 87E
Perel'man
24S, 106E
Perepelkin
10S, 128E
Perkin
47N, 176W
Perrine
42N, 129W
Petrie
45N, 108E
Petropavlovskij
37N, 115W
Petrov
61 S, 88E
Pettit
28S, 86W
Petzval
63S, 113W


Pirquet
20S, 140E
Pizzetti
35S, 119E
Planck
58S, 135E
Plaskett
82N, 175E
Plummer
25S, 155W
Pogson
42S, 111E
Poincaré
57S, 161E
Poinsot
79N, 145W
Polzunov
26N, 115E
Poncelet
76N, 54W
Popov
17N, 99E
Porter
56S, IOW
Poynting
17N, 133W
Prager
4S, 131 E
Prandtl
60S, 141E
Priestley
57S, 108E
Purkyne
1S, 95E
Quételet
43N, 135W
Racah
14S, 180
Raimond
14N, 159W
Ramsay
40S, 145E
Rayet
45N, 114E
Rayleigh
29N, 90E
Razumov
39N, I14W
Ricco
75N, 177E
Riedel
49S, 140W
Riemann
40N, 88E
Rittenhouse
74S, 107E
Ritz
15S, 92E
Roberts
71 N, 175W
Robertson
22N, 105W
Roche
42S, 135E
Röntgen
33N, 92W
Rowland
57N, 163W
Rozhdestvenskij
86N, 155W
Rumford
29S, 170W
Runge
2S, 87E
Russell
27N, 75W
Rydberg
47S, 96W
Rynin
47N, 104W
Saenger
4N, 102E
Safarik
10N, 177E
Saha
2S, 103E
St. John
10N, 150E
Sanford
32N, 139W
Sarabhai
25N, 21E
Sarton
49N, 121 W
Scaliger
27S, 109E
Schaeberle
26S, 117F
Schjellerup
69N, 157E
Schlesinger
47N, 138W
Schliemann
2S, 155E
Schlüter
6S, 83W
Schneller
42N, 164W
Schönfeld
45N, 98W
Schorr
79S, 90E
Schrödinger
75S, 133E
Schuster
4N, 147E

from p. 212


Schwarzschild
71N, 120E
Scott
82S, 45E
Seares
74N, 145E
Sechenov
7S, 143W
Segers
47N, 128E
Seidel
33S, 152E
Seyfert
29N, 114E
Shajn
33N, 172E
Shaler
33S, 85W
Shapley
10N, 57E
Sharonov
13N, 173E
Shatalov
24N, 140E
Shi Shen
76N, 104E
Shternberg
19N, 117W
Siedentopf
22N, 135E
Sierpinski
27S, 155E
Sisakyan
41 N, 109E
Sklodowska
18S, 96E
Slipher
50N, 160E
Smoluchowski
60N, 97W
Sniadecki
22S, 169W
Sommerfeld
65N, 161W
Spencer Jones
13N, 166E
Spiru Haret
59S, 176W
Spurr
26N, 3W
Stark
25S, 134E
Stebbins
65N, 143W
Stefan
46N, 109W
Stein
7N, 179E
Steklov
37S, 105W
Steno
33N, 162E
Stetson
40S, 119W
Stokes
52N, 88W
Stoletov
45N, 155W
Stoney
56S, 156W
Störmer
57N, 145E
Stratton
6S, 165E
Strömgren
22S, 133W
Struve
23N, 76W
Subbotin
29S, 135E
Sumner
37N, 109E
Sundman
1 IN, 91W
Swann
52N, 112E
Sylvester
83N, 80W
Szilard
34N, 106E
Tachinni
SN, 86E
Tebbutt
9N, 53E
Teisserenc
32N, 136W
Ten Bruggencate
9S, 134E
Tereshkova
28N, 144E
Tesla
38N, 125E
Theophrastos
17N, 39E
Thiel
40N, 134W
Thiessen
75N, 169W
Thomson
33S, 166E
Tikhomirov
25N, 162E
Tikhov
62N, 172E
Tiling
52S, 132W


Timiryazev
5S, 147W
Titius
27S, 101E
Titov
29N, 150E
Trumpler
28N, 168E
Tsander
5N, 149W
Tseraskij
49S, 141E
Tsinger
57N, 176E
Tsiolkovskij
20S, 129E
Tsu Chung-Chi
17N, 144E
Tyndall
35S, 117E
Väisälä
26N, 48W
Valier
7N, 174E
Van de Graaff
27S, 172E
Van den Bergh
31N, 159W
Van der Waals
44S, 119E
Van Gent
16N, 160E
Van Maanen
36N, 127E
Van Rhijn
53N, 145E
Van't Hoff
62N, 132W
Van Wijk
63S, 119E
Vashakidze
44N, 93E
Vavilov
1S, 139W
Vening Meinesz
0, 163E
Ventris
5S, 158E
Vernadskij
23N, 130E
Very
26N, 25E
Vesalius
3S, 115E
Vestine
34N, 94E
Vetchinkin
10N, 131E
Vil'ev
6S, 144E
Volkov
13S, 131E
Volta
54N, 85W
Volterra
57N, 131E
Von der Pahlen
25S, 133W
Von Kármán
45S, 176E
Von Neumann
40N, 153E
Von Zeipel
42N, 142W
Voskreseuskij
28N, 88W
Walker
26S, 162W
Wan-Hoo
11S, 139W
Waterman
26S, 128E
Watson
63S, 124W
Watts
9N, 46E
Weber
50N, 124W
Wegener
45N, 114W
Wells
41N, 122E
Wexler
695, 90E
Weyl
16N, 120W
White
45S, 160W
Widmannstätten
6S, 85E
Wiechert
84S, 165E
Wiener
41N, 146E
Wilsing
22S, 155W
Winkler
42N, 179W
Winlock
35N, 106W
Woltjer
45N, 160W
Wood
44N, 121 W
Wright
32S, 86W

from p. 213


Wyld
1S, 98E
Yablochkov
61N, 127E
Yamamoto
59N, 161E
Yangel'
17N, 5E
Zanstra
3N, 124E
Zeeman
75S, 135W

Zelinskij
29S, 167E
Zernike
18N, 168E
Zhiritskij
25S, 120E
Zhukovskij
8N, 167W
Zinner
27N, 59W
Zsigmondy
59N, 105W


Table 2: List of Reference Points on the Moon


No.
Name
Xi
Eta
Zeta
1
W. Bond B
+0.055
+0.906
+0.420
2
Rhaeticus A
.091
.030
.995
3
Egede A
.113
.782
.611
4
Sulpicius Gallus
.191
.336
.924
5
Cayley
.260
.069
.963
6
Bessel
.286
.370
.883
7
Luther
.342
.547
.864
8
Dawes
.424
.296
.85G
9
Hercules G
.435
.723
.537
10
Maury
.510
.604
.614
11
Sina
.518
.153
.842
12
Berzelius F
.605
.542
.583
13
Tralles B
.688
.458
.564
14
Taruntius A
.758
.126
.640
15
Picard
.789
.251
.557
16
Bode A
-0.020
+0.156
+0.989
17
Archimedes A
.098
.470
.877
18
Pico B
.182
.724
.665
19
La Condamine Q
.246
.795
.555
20
Gambart A
.321
.017
.947
21
Carlini
.339
.555
.760
22
Draper C
.350
.293
.887
23
Sharp A
.456
.738
.495
24
Diophantus
.499
.463
.732
25
Brayley
.561
.356
.746
26
Kepler A
.584
.124
.802
27
Marius A
.701
.218
.679
28
Herodotus A
.734
.366
.572
29
Reiner A
.778
.089
.621
30
Galilaei A
.872
.203
.445
31
Mösting A
-0.090
-0.056
+0.994
32
Orontius D
.083
.634
.7G7
33
Alpetragius B
.115
.261
.958
34
Gauricus D
.162
.576
.822
35
Clavius J
.164
.847
.501
36
Guericke C
.196
.200
.959
37
Scheiner A
.232
.868
.439
38
Hesiodus B
.268
.456
.856
39
Fra Mauro A
.355
.095
.930
40
Epimenides A
.365
.685
.629

from p. 214


No.
Name
Xi
Eta
Zeta
41
Darney C
.425
.244
.872
42
Mee F
.435
.686
.584
43
Herigonius
.543
.231
.806
44
Drebbel D
.598
.615
.514
45
Wichmann
.610
.131
.781
46
Flamsteed A
.674
.137
.725
47
Billy D
.722
.255
.644
48
Vico C
.829
.352
.436
49
Damoiseau E
.847
.091
.524
50
Licetus H
+0.038
-0.718
+0.695
51
Airy A
.128
.293
.949
52
Jacobi B
.140
.813
.562
53
Hipparchus C
.142
.129
.981
54
Pontanus F
.178
.467
.866
55
Nicolai A
.296
.675
.676
56
Alfraganus C
.309
.106
.950
57
Pons B
.311
.481
.820
58
Janssen K
.466
.720
.512
59
Rosse
.545
.307
.780
60
Rheita P
.553
.615
.564
61
Isidorus D
.559
.074
.825
62
Reichenbach K
.598
.483
.645
63
Gaudibert J
.620
.193
.761
64
Biot
.718
.385
.580
65
Messier A.
.730
.035
.682
66
Langrenus C
.862
.098
.497
67
Bruce
+0.007
+ 0.020
+0.999
68
Hadley A
.104
.423
.901
69
Cassini M
.049
.660
.750
70
W. Bond C
.059
.910
.408
71
Aristillus A
.066
.553
.829
72
Hyginus D
.074
.198
.977
73
Hyginus B
.088
.132
.987
74
Egede B
.098
.771
.627
75
Sulpicius Gallus G
.104
.338
.935
76
Manilius D
.119
.229
.967
77
Aratus D
+0.136
+0.412
+0.899
78
Godin D
.144
.017
.989
79
Sulpicius Gallus A
.144
.375
.916
80
Linne B
.211
.507
.833
81
Menelaus A
.221
.293
.929
82
Silberschlag A
.227
.121
.965
83
Endows A
.240
.717
.654
84
Bessel E
.251
.336
.906
85
Linné E
.253
.447
.856
86
Aristoteles M
.272
.802
.529
87
Taquet
.315
.286
.905
88
Bessel A
.325
.418
.848
89
Deseilligny
.328
.360
.872
90
Tacquet C
.350
.233
.906
91
Arago B
.355
.060
.932

from p. 215


No.
Name
Xi
Eta
Zeta
92
Baily B
.362
.776
.513
93
Arago D
.378
.120
.915
94
Le Monnier C
.411
.380
.827
95
Posidonius A
.419
.525
.739
96
Hercules C
.425
.678
.600
97
Janssen G
.433
.162
.886
98
Janssen D
.458
.271
.845
99
Maskelyne K
.494
.056
.866
100
Römer L
.523
.395
.755
101
Maskelyne H
.532
.085
.842
102
Maraldi A
.556
.342
.757
103
Maraldi B
.580
.248
.775
104
Secchi B
.661
.064
.746
105
Picard X
.856
.227
.464
106
Marco Polo B
-0.031
+0.295
+ 0.955
107
Archimedes D
.040
.532
.844
108
Piazzi Smyth B
.045
.649
.758
109
Bode G
.061
.110
.992
110
Pico C
.078
.733
.675
111
Spitzberg C
.128
.542
.828
112
Pico D
.142
.687
.710
113
Eratosthenes B
.143
.321
.935
114
Schröter D
.165
.079
.984
115
Plato E
.180
.762
.621
116
Timocharis B
.186
.467
.864
117
Schröter M
-0.200
+0.121
+0.971
118
Gambart C
.208
.034
.978
119
Le Verrier E
.215
.673
.705
120
Stadius B
.230
.205
.951
121
Carlini D
.231
.544
.806
122
Timocharis A
.240
.419
.874
123
Helicon B
.286
.615
.734
124
Copernic H
.311
.120
.942
125
Laplace A
.326
.690
.642
126
La Hire A
.349
.477
.807
127
Pytheas A
.346
.349
.869
128
Reinhold F
.364
.059
.929
129
Heis D
.439
.524
.727
130
Tobias Mayer D
.440
.212
.872
131
Hortensius C
.446
.103
.888
132
Diophantus B
.469
.485
.736
133
Mairan E
.477
.612
.628
134
Euler E
.508
.417
.751
135
Brayley D
.509
.342
.788
136
Landsberg A
.516
.003
.856
137
Angström
.575
.498
.647
138
Encke E
.644
.006
.763
139
Bessarion C
.650
.276
.707
140
Aristarchus C
.650
.469
.596
141
Schiaparelli A
.813
.390
.432
142
Alphonsus H
-0.008
-0.269
+0.962

from p. 216

No.
Name
Xi
Eta
Zeta
143
Herschel C
.055
.087
.995
144
Thebit E
.074
.392
.916
145
Hell E
.088
.567
.819
146
Regiomontanus E
.095
.473
.875
147
Maginus Y
.098
.786
.610
148
Palisa P
.126
.168
.978
149
Mosting B
.128
.047
.989
150
Lassell E
.168
.312
.934
151
Lippershey T
.174
.426
.886
152
Gauricus N
.186
.536
.823
153
Tycho H
.192
.710
.677
154
Turner F
.243
.028
.969
155
Longomontanus R
.269
.792
.547
156
Cichus K
.274
.596
.754
157
Gould A
.276
.329
.902
158
Opelt K
.285
.235
.929
159
Kies D
.288
.421
.859
160
Guericke A
.291
.193
.936
161
Cichus H
.321
.541
.777
162
Darney J
-0.353
-0.248
+0.902
163
Bonpland E
.379
.169
.910
164
Marth
.419
.517
.746
165
Darney E
.418
.215
.882
166
Euclides D
.428
.163
.888
167
Ramsden A
.434
.551
.712
168
Landsberg B
.470
.043
.882
169
Hippalus A
.495
.402
.770
170
Vittelo E
.510
.487
.707
171
Hérigonius E
.565
.238
.787
172
Gassendi Y
.580
.356
.731
173
Gassendi L
.623
.348
.698
174
Gassendi F
.682
.259
.683
175
Flarnsteed D
.704
.055
.706
176
De Gasparis B
.707
.454
.542
177
Parrot L
+0.015
-0.310
+0.051
178
Zach 3
.044
.842
.537
179
Seeliger
.053
.039
.998
180
Albategnius C
.064
.179
.982
181
Aliacensis G
.069
.550
.833
182
Blanchinus K
.080
.419
.904
183
Pickering B
.129
.037
.991
184
Airy P
.140
.275
.951
185
Gemma Frisius K
.151
.608
.779
186
Ritchey C
.157
.190
.969
187
Mutus K
.195
.846
.495
188
-
.196
.701
.683
189
Geber E
.210
.351
.912
190
Dollond D
.215
.143
.966
191
Abulfeda R
.219
.221
.950
192
Buch B
+0.230
-0.614
+0.755
193
Hommel M
.232
.864
.445

from p. 217


No.
Name
Xi
Eta
Zeta
194
Barocius E C
.255
.745
.615
195
Zagut F
.260
.505
.824
196
Theon Senior A
.266
.003
.964
197
Hommel H A
+ 0.313
-0.788
+0.529
198
Fermat E
.320
.341
.885
199
Zagyt S
.322
.551
.772
200
Tacitus C
.329
.236
.916
201
Alfraganus D
.343
.070
.936
202
Polybius D
.418
.452
.788
203
Cyrillus G
.432
.270
.8G0
204
Polybius L
.438
.374
.817
205
Watt A
.462
.769
.440
206
Neander Y
.509
.568
.G47
207
Rheita P
.553
.615
.562
208
Bohnenberger G
.616
.295
.730
209
Lubbock G
.632
.064
.772
210
Messier D
.722
.062
.687
211
Holden V
.838
.317
.442

The craters 1-66 have a diameter larger than 8 km, while the rest are smaller.



This page has been edited 11 times. The last modification was made by - JimMosher JimMosher on Nov 29, 2010 7:55 pm - mgx1